npj Breast Cancer

The quality of life index: a pilot study integrating treatment efficacy and quality of life in oncology

Basu A, Philip EJ, Dewitt B, Hanmer J, Chattopadhyay A, Yau C, Melisko ME, Esserman LJ

The majority of women diagnosed with breast cancer will experience some form of drug-related toxicity and subsequent impairments in Health-related Quality of Life (HRQoL). Despite this, HRQoL is assessed inconsistently and there is no validated method to integrate HRQoL data into the assessment of therapeutic agents. This proof of concept study utilizes data from the neoadjuvant I-SPY 2 clinical trial to describe the development of the Quality of Life Index (QoLI) measure. The QoLI represents a single composite score that incorporates validated longitudinal measures of clinical efficacy and QoL and one that permits a more comprehensive, direct comparison of individual therapeutic agents. Preliminary data suggest the QoLI is able to distinguish between agents based on their efficacy and toxicity; with further validation, the QoLI has the potential to provide more patient-centered evaluations in clinical trials and help guide treatment decision making in breast cancer and other oncologic diseases.

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