Abstract No. 
2022 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium
8-11 Dec

Evaluation of anti-PD-1 Cemiplimab plus anti-LAG-3 REGN3767 in early-stage, high-risk HER2-negative breast cancer: Results from the neoadjuvant I-SPY 2 TRIAL

Isaacs C, Nanda R, Chien J, Trivedi MS, Stringer-Reasor E, Vaklavas C, Boughey JC, Sanford A, Wallace A, Clark AS, Thomas A, Albain KS, Kennedy LC, Sanftt TB, Kalinsky K, Han HS, Williams N, Arora M, Elias A, Falkson C, Asare S, Lu R, Pitsouni M, Wilson A, Perlmutter J, Rugo H, Schwab R, Symmans WF, Hylton NM, van 't Veer L, Yee D, DeMichele A, Berry D, Esserman LJ, I-SPY Investigators

Background: I-SPY2 is a multicenter, phase 2 trial using response-adaptive randomization within biomarker subtypes defined by hormone-receptor (HR), HER2, and MammaPrint (MP) status to evaluate novel agents as neoadjuvant therapy for high-risk breast cancer. The primary endpoint is pathologic complete response (pCR). Cemiplimab is an anti-PD-1 inhibitor approved for the treatment of NSCLC and cutaneous basal and squamous cell CA. Lymphocyte activation gene 3 (LAG-3) binds MHC class II leading to inhibition of T-cell proliferation and activation and is often co-expressed with PD-1. REGN3767 is a fully humanized mAb that binds to LAG-3 and blocks inhibitory T-cell signaling. Concurrent blockade of LAG-3 with an anti-PD-1 may enhance efficacy of an anti-PD-1.  

Methods: Women with tumors ≥ 2.5cm were eligible for screening. Only HER2 negative (HER2-) patients were eligible for this treatment; HR positive (HR+) patients had to be MP high risk. Treatment included Paclitaxel 80 mg/m2 IV weekly x 12 and Cemiplimab 350 mg and REGN3767 1600 mg both given q3weeks x 4, followed by doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide (AC) every 2 weeks x 4. The control arm was weekly paclitaxel x 12 followed by AC every 2-3 weeks x 4. Cemiplimab/REGN3767 was eligible to graduate in 3 of 10 pre-defined signatures: HER2-, HR-HER2-, and HR+HER2-. The statistical methods for evaluating I-SPY 2 agents has been previously described. To adapt to changing standard of care, we constructed “dynamic controls” comprising ‘best’ alternative therapies using I-SPY 2 and external data and estimated the probability of Cemiplimab/REGN3767 being superior to the dynamic control. Response predictive subtypes (Immune+ vs Immune-) were assessed using pre-treatment gene expression data and the ImPrint signature.  

Results: 73 HER2- patients (40 HR+ and 33 HR-) received Cemiplimab/REGN3767 treatment. The control group included [357 patients with HER2- tumors (201 HR+ and 156 HR-) enrolled since March 2010. Cemiplimab/REGN3767 graduated in both HR-/HER2- and HR+/HER2- groups; estimated pCR rates (as of June 2022) are summarized in the table. Safety events of note for Cemiplimab/REGN3767 include hypothyroidism 30.8%, adrenal insufficiency (AI) 19.2%, hyperthyroidism 14.1%, pneumonitis 1.3%, and hepatitis 3.8%. All were G1/2 except for 6 (7.7%) G3 AI and 3 (3.8%) G3 colitis. Rash occurred in 62.8%, 9% G3 and 2 pts (2.6%) had pulmonary embolism. X% of adrenal insufficiency cases required replacement therapy. 40 patients (11 HR+ and 29 HR-) in Cemiplimab/REGN3767 were predicted Immune+; 32 (29 HR+ and 3 HR-) were predicted Immune-. In the HR+ group pCR was achieved in 10/11 (91%) patients with Immune+ subtype compared with 8/29 (28%) with Immune- subtype. Additional biomarker analyses are ongoing and will be presented at the meeting.

Conclusion: The I-SPY 2 study aims to assess the probability that investigational regimens will be successful in a phase 3 neoadjuvant trial. Dual immune blockade with a LAG-3 inhibitor and anti-PD1 therapy resulted in a high predicted pCR rate both in HR-/HER2- (60%) and HR+/HER2- (37%) disease. The novel Imprint signature identified a group of HR+ patients most likely to benefit from this active regimen.

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