Abstract No. 
2022 ASCO Annual Meeting
3-7 Jun

Molecular subtype to predict pathologic complete response in HER2-positive breast cancer in the I-SPY2 trial

Thomas A, Clark AS, Yau C, Wolf DM, van 't Veer L, Douglas EH, Chien AJ, Huppert LA, Rugo HS, Shatsky RA, Isaacs C, Berry DA, Yee D, DeMichele A, Esserman L, I-SPY2 Consortium

Background: HER2-positive breast cancer (bc) is a very heterogenous disease. We hypothesized that molecular subtype may predict disease response to investigational agents in HER2+ bc. Here, we report the pathologic complete response (pCR) rate in the first six agents tested in HER2+ bc in the I-SPY 2 trial for the full HER2+ cohort, by molecular subtype, and by disease receptor status.

Methods: Women with HER2+ tumors which were > 2.5 cm were eligible. The I-SPY2 platform trial tests novel agents given neoadjuvantly with a backbone of taxol (T) and trastuzumab (H) followed by doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide. Agents investigated in HER2+ bc were TH (control), MK2206, AMG386, pertuzumab (P), neratinib (N (given in place of H), and TDM1+P (given in place of TH). An investigational arm graduated if there was >85% chance of success compared to control in a 300-person phase 3 neoadjuvant trial. Further details of the I-SPY2 methods have been previously published. Molecular subtyping based on gene expression was utilized to categorize tumors into 5 response predictive subtypes (RPS) (HER2-/Immune-/DRD (DNA repair deficiency)-, HER2-/Immune+, HER2-/Immune-/DRD+, HER2+/Her2_or_Basal and HER2+/Luminal).

Results: For the full HER2+ cohort (N=245) pCR rate was higher in all investigational arms than control (Table). By tumor receptor status, HER2+/HR- tumors (N=89) had a higher pCR rate than HER2+/HR+ tumors (N=156; 63% vs 37%, p = 0.0001). In HER2+/HR- tumors N, MK2206, P and TDM1/P graduated. In HER2+/HR+ tumors P and TDM1/P graduated. 76% (185/245) of I-SPY 2 HER2+ patients were classified as HER2+/Her2_or_Basal and 24% (60/245) were HER2+Luminal. pCR rate was significantly higher in the HER2+/Her2_or_Basal group than in the HER2+/Luminal group (57% vs 15%, p < 0.0001). All agents, except for MK2206, where numbers were small, showed greater efficacy in the HER2+/Her2_or_Basal group than in the HER2+/Luminal group. HER2+/Luminal appeared to be more sensitive to the AKT inhibitor MK2206 than to targeted HER2 agents, though numbers are small.

Conclusions: pCR rates for patients with HER2+ bc treated with investigational agents, particularly dual HER2-blockade, were promising. Molecular response predictive subtype classification provides insight on how to better target therapy. The HER2+/Luminal group had low pCR rates with dual HER2-blockade but may have higher pCR rate with the addition of an AKT inhibitor and identifies a subgroup of HER2+ tumors in need of novel approaches. AKT inhibition for HER2/Luminal is being tested in I-SPY 2.2.

Clinical trial information: NCT01042379.

View original