Background: There is no clinical equipoise on the best upfront management of patients with early-stage hormone receptor-positive (HR+)/HER2-negative (HER2-) breast cancer (BC) that is high-risk by clinicopathologic criteria, and low-risk based on molecular profiling. These patients are unlikely to respond to chemotherapy. However, these patients still have risk, often risk of late recurrence, despite standard adjuvant endocrine therapy. Novel endocrine-based strategies that are more effective and tolerable than current standard therapies are needed for this population. Next-generation orally-bioavailable selective estrogen receptor degraders (oSERDs) with improved pharmacokinetic (PK) properties are promising potential therapies for HR+ BC. The oSERD amcenestrant has demonstrated a favorable safety profile and encouraging efficacy in a phase I/II dose escalation and expansion trial for heavily pre-treated patients with HR+ metastatic BC and is an attractive agent for assessment in the neoadjuvant BC setting. The neoadjuvant setting offers a unique opportunity to study novel agents and to assess early biological endpoints. However, one of the challenges in studying endocrine-based strategies in the neoadjuvant setting is the lack of a robust surrogate endpoint to reliably predict response and benefit. The I-SPY2 Endocrine Optimization Protocol (EOP) is a pilot sub-study within the main I-SPY2 TRIAL that will test amcenestrant alone or in combination with abemaciclib or letrozole. EOP will test the feasibility of using the I-SPY2 platform to test novel endocrine-based strategies in the neoadjuvant setting in patients with clinical high-risk, molecular low-risk, HR+/HER2- tumors, and will generate a rich database of imaging, molecular, and pathologic correlative endpoints that may potentially inform the improved assessment of response to neoadjuvant endocrine therapy.
Trial Design/Eligibility/Accrual: The I-SPY2 EOP is a prospective, randomized, open-label trial specifically for patients with HR+/HER2-negative MammaPrint (MP) low-risk tumors that are at least 2.5 cm in size. Eligible patients are identified during the screening process for the parent I-SPY2 trial. The planned total accrual for the EOP is 120 patients. Patients are randomized 1:1:1 to one of 3 oral treatment arms: 1) amcenestrant 200 mg daily; 2) amcenestrant 200 mg daily + abemaciclib 150 mg bid; 3) amcenestrant 200 mg daily + letrozole 2.5 mg daily. Patients are treated for 6 months prior to surgery. Premenopausal women must receive concomitant monthly ovarian suppression. Serial breast MRIs, breast biopsies, blood, and patient reported outcomes (PROs) are being collected, and patients will be followed for 10 years for recurrence and survival. Serial dedicated breast PET (dbPET) scans and PKs will be assessed in a subset of patients.
Objectives/Statistics: The primary objective of the EOP is to investigate the feasibility of enrolling and treating molecularly-selected patients with early stage HR+/HER2- MP low-risk BC in a randomized neoadjuvant trial using an oral-SERD backbone. Treatment will be determined to be feasible if ≥75% of enrolled patients complete ≥75% of assigned study therapy. Secondary objectives include the safety, tolerability, PROs, and PKs related to amcenestrant +/- abemacilcib and letrozole, as well as the assessment of imaging, pathologic, and molecular correlative endpoints as potential biomarkers of response to neoadjuvant endocrine therapy.
Status: This study opened in May 2021. Accrual is ongoing.