Background: I-SPY 2 is a multicenter phase 2 trial using response-adaptive randomization within biomarker subtypes to evaluate a series of novel agents when added to standard neoadjuvant therapy for women with high-risk stage II/III breast cancer. The primary endpoint is pathologic complete response (pCR). The goal is to identify/graduate regimens with ≥85% Bayesian predictive probability of success (statistical significance) in a 300-patient phase 3 neoadjuvant trial defined by hormone-receptor (HR), HER2 status & MammaPrint (MP). Regimens may also leave the trial for futility (< 10% probability of success) or following accrual of maximum sample size (10%< probability of success <85%). We report the results for trebananib, an angiopoietin-1/2-neutralizing peptibody that inhibits interaction with the Tie2 receptor.
Methods: Women with tumors ≥2.5cm were eligible for screening. MP low/HR+/HER2- tumors were ineligible for randomization. Serial MRI scans (baseline, 2 during treatment and pre-surgery) were used in a longitudinal model to improve the efficiency of adaptive randomization. Participants are categorized into 8 subtypes based on: HR status, HER2 status and MP High 1 (MP1) or High 2 (MP2). MP1 and MP2 are determined by a predefined median cut-point of I-SPY 1 participants who fit the eligibility criteria for I-SPY 2. Trebananib was initially assigned to HER2- patients only; once safety data with trastuzumab (H) were obtained, it was also assigned to HER2+ patients. Analysis was intent to treat -- patients who switched to non-protocol therapy were designated non-pCRs.
Results: Trebananib +/-H did not meet the criteria for graduation in any of the 10 signatures tested. When the maximum sample size was reached, accrual ceased. We report probabilities of trebananib +/-H being superior to control and Bayesian predictive probabilities of success in a 1:1 randomized neoadjuvant phase 3 trial for the 10 biomarker signatures, using the final pCR data from all patients.